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Our approach

Within our operations, we contribute to the realisation of human rights through our rigorous approach to workplace health, safety and labour conditions, ensuring security activities are consistent with the Voluntary Principles on Security and Human Rights, while also respecting the land tenure rights of landowners and the rights of communities that live near our operations.

The UN Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights require companies to fulfil their responsibility to respect human rights by expressing a policy commitment to human rights, performing due diligence to mitigate risks and remediating any adverse human rights impacts caused or contributed to by the company. We meet these responsibilities to respect human rights through embedding the following commitments in our Company systems and processes:

UN Guiding Principle

BHP commitments, systems and processes

Express a commitment to human rights through a policy statement.

Our commitment to human rights is publicly stated in the Code of Business Conduct, which clearly outlines our responsibilities and expectations and is actively communicated to those who work for or on behalf of BHP.

Commitments in our Code of Business Conduct are implemented through mandatory human rights performance requirements outlined in the relevant Our Requirements standards, particularly for Community, Health, Safety, Security and Emergency Management and Supply.

Through our commitment to the Voluntary Principles on Security and Human Rights, we seek to protect people from material security risks by applying our performance requirements and engaging relevant stakeholders to develop and manage security programs that respect human rights. 

The human rights commitments in our Code of Business Conduct also apply to our contractors and suppliers (where under relevant contractual obligations) and our non-operated joint ventures and minority interests are encouraged to adopt similar principles and standards.


Perform human rights due diligence to identify, prevent, mitigate and account for potential human rights impacts.

Our operations identify and document key potential human rights risks by completing a Human Rights Impact Assessment (HRIA), which is reviewed whenever there are changes that may affect the impact profile. This includes assessing performance against the articles of the UN Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the UN Global Compact principles and host country legislation governing human rights issues.

HRIAs are required to consider risk areas relevant to the extractives sector, including but not limited to:

  • community development;

  • community health, safety and wellbeing;

  • community engagement and consultation;

  • cultural heritage;

  • diversity and non-discrimination;

  • forced and child labour;

  • freedom of association and collective bargaining;

  • gender impacts of mining;

  • Indigenous relations;

  • land access;

  • security and law enforcement agencies; and

  • workplace health and safety.

Every three years, each HRIA is verified through an independent engagement process with stakeholders and, in medium and high-risk jurisdictions, validated by a qualified human rights specialist.

Where a HRIA identifies a material risk, a Human Rights Management Plan is required to be implemented and reviewed annually and must include employee and contractor training on compliance with our human rights commitments and the risks identified.

In addition, our Code of Business Conduct outlines obligations to conduct due diligence on our partners and contractors to assess alignment with our human rights commitments.

An ongoing independent internal audit program tests operational compliance with our human rights commitments in relevant Our Requirements standards.

Provide remediation where business enterprises have been identified as having caused or contributed to adverse human rights impacts.

In addition to our business conduct hotline and online case management system, EthicsPoint, our mandatory Our Requirements - Community standard (PDF 136kb) requires local-level complaints and grievance mechanisms to be in place for people potentially impacted by the activities of each of our assets.

These mechanisms must be communicated to stakeholders and are required to:

  • be scaled to the country context, risks and adverse impacts;

  • use an understandable and transparent process;

  • be culturally appropriate;

  • be readily accessible to all segments of the affected host communities;

  • be available without retribution;

  • not impede access to judicial or administrative remedies;

  • acknowledge, investigate and document all complaints and grievances;

  • undertake appropriate remedial actions where a complaint is legitimate; and

  • advise complainants of the remedial action promptly and document outcomes.

We do not require affected individuals or communities permanently to waive their legal rights to bring a claim through a judicial process as a condition of participating in a BHP grievance mechanism.

We would provide reasonable cooperation and seek to participate constructively in the event a claim were brought against BHP through a recognised state-based non-judicial grievance mechanism. We would seek to agree the most appropriate forum, if a claim were brought through more than one mechanism or through a mechanism without a reasonable nexus.


The most relevant human rights issues for our industry include occupational health and safety, labour conditions, activities of security forces and respecting the rights of Indigenous peoples and communities near our operations.


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